Is Your Child’s Development ‘Normal’?

Sarah Cowgill (Physiotherapist – Burnie)

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As a Physiotherapist with a special interest in the paediatric population, I see lots of parents concerned about their child meeting their physical developmental milestones. They may notice that their child is not sitting/crawling/walking as early as other children or peers.

All children will develop at different rates so often a small delay is not something to be alarmed about; however, it is always a good idea to check in with a Physiotherapist just to make sure.

Sometimes children may just need a little bit more time to reach their milestone but sometimes a more complex reason is identified. If this is the case, it is always an advantage to be picked up at an early age as children often respond well to earlier intervention.

Difficulty reaching milestones can also be related to the child’s environment, social ability and sensory impacts. It is not always purely a physical delay.

0-6 months

  • Rolling front to back
  • Learning to sit initially with support and then independently

6-12 months

  • Crawling (some kids may skip crawling though)
  • Transitions from sitting to lying to on all fours
  • Pulls self to stand and can sometimes cruise along while holding furniture
  • When Do Babies Crawl? 7 Tips To Encourage Crawling | BellyBelly May start to walk with or without support

12-18 months

  • Sits, crawls, walks
  • Walking may be clumsy
  • May start to run

2 years

  • Can walk in straight lines and corners
  • Running
  • Can walk and carry objects
  • Can climb up onto things
  • Can negotiate steps with support
  • Can pick items up off floor

3 years

  • Can negotiate play equipment, ladders
  • Can use a tricycle
  • Can jump
  • Catching a Ball: A Fundamental Toddler Milestone – BabySparks Can catch a ball (non-refined skills)

4 years

  • Can stand on 1 foot for 5 seconds
  • Can kick a ball
  • Can throw a ball’
  • Able to hop
  • Can jump over objects

5 years

  • Can walk upstairs while carrying an object
  • Can walk backwards
  • Can skip
  • Jump 10 times
  • Good reciprocal arm/leg coordination
  • Catches ball with hands only